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What is Diabetes - Diabetes blood sugar levels

What is Diabetes blood sugar levels is a chronic disease affecting over 16 million Americans the largest percentage of any nation on the planet. In recent years

Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting over 16 million Americans, the 0largest percentage of any nation on the planet. In recent years, diabetes has been classified as an epidemic because of the rapidity of cases in the population. About one-third of Americans do not know they even have it, and almost one-third don’t know what is diabetes . Each year over 800,000 new cases are diagnosed, which is 6% of the population. With the rapidity of new instances, it is projected that by the year 2025, there will be over 9% of the people diagnosed with diabetes. The costs of treating diabetes run over one-hundred billion dollars each year, and that cost is projected to rise dramatically. Symptoms of diabetes include thirst (the person is almost always thirsty, weight loss may be sudden and dramatic, and frequent urination).

Diabetes is classified into three different categories


  1. Diabetes Type 1 
  2. Diabetes Type 2
  3. Gestational Diabetes.

 The differences in each will be explained and discussed further below. 




As someone is unable to use the glucose (sugar) and fat in their food for energy diabetes occurs. The glucose collects in the bloodstream eventually over time severely damaging the organs of the heart, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. Whenever left unstained the patient can suffer severe impairment such as loss of limbs or blindness and in extreme cases even death.  The United States causes death one of the leading in Diabetes.

Diabetes blood sugar levels

Diabetes blood sugar levels

  • Blood sugar is important to our bodies because it is the main resource of energy; energy that is used to keep our muscles, organs, and tissues healthy. When digestion occurs, some foods break down into single sugar units, which then are absorbed into the blood. Such foods are known as carbohydrates.
  • When someone suffers from a too high blood sugar level it means that insulin, which helps sugars in the blood enter your body cells and then used for energy, is not being produced in needed quantities – sometimes not at all – thus producing high sugar reading.
  • There are two types of diabetes: Type 1, which occurs in children and young adults. Insulin injections and diet are used to control this type of diabetes. Type 2 is the more common kind of diabetes and occurs in those who are over 40. In most cases, with this type of diabetes, many are overweight or have a history of diabetes in their family. Treatment for this type of diabetes includes a balanced diet plan, oral medication or insulin and losing weight.
  • So, if one has diabetes he or she should have a diet that is low in fats – particularly saturated fats – fats that are found in food that is processed such as cookies, cakes, pies, pizza, red meat and take out foods. To help keep blood sugar levels low one should chooses foods such as low-fat dairy foods, lean meat, fresh vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage, cherries, blueberries and strawberries, high fiber cereals such as oatmeal, whole grain bread, turkey, chicken and fish, walnuts, nuts and pecans and drink plenty of water.
  • In addition, moderate exercise also helps control diabetes but caution must be used when exercising. Talking with your doctor on the type and length of exercise and what to check before and after exercising is very important to avoid any health problems that could arise from too much exercise.
  • It is important to know about blood sugar because our bodies and especially our brains depend on a healthy level of blood sugar in order to function well. Blood sugar – glucose – is sugar that comes from the foods we eat. Once we eat something it is then formed into blood sugar and then stored inside the body. Then, it is used as energy for the cells in our body, which is then carried to every cell throughout the bloodstream.
  • Monitoring and regulating blood sugar levels is important, especially for those who have diabetes because blood sugar levels affect us physically and mentally. And, certain blood sugar levels play a big part in losing or gaining weight.
  • Blood sugar levels can be tested and regulated by using a blood sugar monitor or having your blood sugar levels tested by a physician. It has been suggested that blood sugar should be taken shortly upon waking – before eating and also several hours after eating. Normal glucose levels are usually less than 100 mg/dL when taken in the morning upon waking up or before eating. The normal glucose levels taken one to two hours after eating are usually less than 140

What is Type 1 or juvenile diabetes

affects 5 to 10% of the population and is the least common type of diabetes. This is 100% insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder thinking the resistant system (the body’s defense against pathogens), does not function properly and is destroying the cells in the pancreas (the organ that produces insulin). Without insulin, the body cannot use the sugar and fat it receives from food. In order to compensate for this, the diabetic must take insulin shots and monitor their blood glucose levels frequently.

Juvenile Diabetes



Juvenile diabetes also called Type 1 diabetes, belongs to a family of diabetes types called Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is categorised as a group of diseases that affect how the body uses the sugar received from food and the liver. This is called blood glucose and it mainly comes from the foods we eat. This glucose during digestion of food is absorbed into the bloodstream and creates energy for the cells, muscles, and tissues. This is necessary for good body function and health. In the course of the digestive process (where food is broken down so the body can use it properly to nourish: cells, tissues, muscles, and organs) the pancreas (the gland located behind the stomach) secretes insulin (hormone that controls the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood of the islets of Langerhans (the regions of the pancreas that contains these hormone-producing cells). Insulin regulates the energy and glucose metabolism in the body causing cells in the liver, muscles, and fat tissues to take up glucose. When this is interrupted due to diabetes the pancreas can no longer secrete insulin resulting in insulin deficiency. The cells, muscles, and tissues are not being fed and the glucose cannot provide the energy the body needs. It just sits in the bloodstream.

Type I diabetes also called Juvenile diabetes is a form of diabetes mellitus prevalent in children and young adults. It affects between 5 to 10% of the population and is considered the least common of the diabetes types but one of the most dangerous. It is an autoimmune disease meaning the immune system can no longer function properly due to little or no insulin it is receiving and this is destroying the beta cells (the cells that make and release insulin) in the pancreas by allowing the T-cells (white blood cells that regulate and remove harmful pathogens in the blood and help in the maturing of B-cells into plasma cells) to attack the remaining beta cells.

Juvenile Diabetes Symptoms


Symptoms of this type of diabetes and all other types include: increased thirst (the person is always thirsty and can never be satisfied), frequent urination (the urine has a sweet smell called glycosuria which means excessive sweet urine. This is due to the build-up of blood glucose), extreme hunger (like thirst the person is always hungry), weight loss (can be significant and dramatic), fatigue (due to the cells, muscles, and tissues not getting the energy they need to function normally), vision problems (that can lead to blindness), gum, skin, vaginal , and bladder infections, and any cuts or sores that are actual slow to heal. If this condition is left untreated can result in heart disease (which can eventually lead to heart attack), kidney disease (eventually the patient would have to placed on dialysis), blindness, loss of limbs, and in severe cases death.

Treatment for Type 1 Juvenile diabetes includes regular insulin injections, frequent daily monitoring of blood glucose levels, and a controlled diet. If diagnosed early, patients can live normal, happy productive lives but the longer a person goes without seeking medical help, the more serious the symptoms and complications. This is a very serious dangerous disease

What is Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. it is non-insulin dependent diabetes and typically occurs in adulthood. This type of diabetes is where the body makes many insulin but not nearly enough to function properly or usage the insulin they do produce effectively. Type 2 diabetes usually runs in families and normally develops after the age of 40. Someones overweight, maturer, and lead a sedentary lifestyle are more susceptible to this type of diabetes. This is a debilitating disease that increasingly grows worse if left untreated. Type 2 diabetes can lead to severe heart disease, kidney disease (serious enough that the patient could require dialysis treatments to keep on alive), blindness, amputation (loss of limbs), and in severe circumstances death. This condition is normally treated in the early stages of diagnosing by having the patient lose weight, change the foods they eat, dieting, and daily exercise. Later progression of the disease may require oral medications and or daily insulin injections.

What is Gestational Diabetes

The last type of diabetes is present in pregnant women and called Gestational Diabetes. The percentage of women affected by this type of diabetes is about 3 to 5% of all pregnant women. The good news for this type of diabetes is that it usually ends when the pregnancy is over and the baby is born. Generally, this does not cause birth defects but the baby may be born with low blood sugar. Treatment normally changes in the diet but some women may need insulin.

Regardless of what type of diabetes the patient has, with proper treatment of diabetes and monitoring the person can live a healthy, normal life.


What Is The Impact Of Diabetes? You may not notice them at first



  • The people who have to carry a little test meter, a syringe and insulin all carried together in a small little bag or pouch. These people have to take these little bags along with them when they go to a sporting event, or when they go out to a special dinner engagement or even just taking a trip to see a family friend or distant relative.
  • You may not recognize their faces, but they are the faces of those who live with a condition called Diabetes, a condition that affects upwards of 17 million people, and of those 17 million, only around 11 million have been diagnosed with this disease.
  • For those of you unfamiliar with the condition, simply stated Diabetes is a disease that is caused by either a resistance to insulin, too little insulin in the affected person’s system or sometimes both. But just what is the impact of diabetes on the person and family members who have to live with it?
  • The impact of diabetes on the person’s family is almost immediately effected and changed forever by the disease, as they have to become aware of and recognize certain symptoms associated with the disease.
  • There is always the specter of death surrounding diabetes, as the disease is one of that can lead to severe complications and even death if not treated properly. If the disease is left unchecked, it can cause blindness, nerve damage, heart disease, and sometimes even amputations.

What is diabetes impact on just a few of the body’s systems


The Kidneys

The kidneys can become affected by diabetes and the disease is usually responsible for a high percentage of end-case Renal disease.

Blindness

It is surprising to find that diabetes is the major leading cause for blindness, diagnosed in new cases among adults whose ages range from the early 20′s to the mid 70′s.

Nerve Damage

Sometimes diabetes can lead to nerve damage, especially in the lower extremities or the feet of the person diagnosed. The medical term for this is called in “Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy” or DPN for shortly.
About half of the people who suffer from diabetes, wind up developing DPN.

Heart Disease and Stroke

And here are some final facts that really should point out the impact of diabetes on the person who is diagnosed with it. Heart Disease is the leading major factor for deaths related to diabetes.
The diagnosed adult diabetic has a death rate that is usually 2 to 4 times higher than an adult without diabetes, and the risk for a stroke among diabetes suffers is usually 2 to 4 times higher than among those without the disease.

What is Diabetes:
  1. How is diabetes diagnosed?
  2. How to Test for Diabetes
  3. How is diabetes treated?

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What is Diabetes blood sugar levels is a chronic disease affecting over 16 million Americans the largest percentage of any nation on the planet. In recent years
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